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昂立教育 > 項目總攬 > 中考2018 > 閱讀 > 中考閱讀理解練習|徐匯區2018-2019學年度第一學期期末質量抽查

中考閱讀理解練習|徐匯區2018-2019學年度第一學期期末質量抽查

發布時間:2019-03-22 作者:昂立外語 來源于:昂立外語網站
  Part 3 Reading and Writing
VI. Reading comprehension
A.Choose the best answer
It’s a cold, grey Sunday afternoon in March. The light is slowly fading, but all over Britain people are working in their gardens. They’re digging, cutting leaves and planting new weeds. By summer, their gardens will be full of bright colors.
The British love their gardens. A British newspaper recently asked people for their opinions about them. Seventy percent of people felt it was important to spend time in the garden, and over half of these described gardening as the most enjoyable thing they ever did.
Only one in ten houses in Britain do not have a garden. You can, of course, just grow house plants inside or on your balcony.
Once it was only the very wealthy who had a garden. You can still see the huge gardens that surround historic houses such as Chatsworth House or Castle Howard. Ordinary people used their land to produce food to eat or sell, or grew herbs to make medicine.
In the nineteenth century, however, gardening became a hobby. About the same time, better transport meant people could buy different kinds of seeds and plants for their gardens. Although roses, sunflowers, onions and tomatoes are often grown in British gardens, they grew wild in other countries before.
In many villages and towns there are competitions for the best looked-after gardens. This year the winner was a little village in Northern Ireland. It’s already won four prizes for its beauty. People also take part in competitions to grow the largest vegetables, but don’t expect to win. Britain’s
biggest carrot is almost six meters long!
A newspaper asked people what they grew in their gardens. Look at the diagram which shows their answers.
 
69. Most of the British love to spend time in _____.
A. fishing      B. hunting     C. gardening     D. farming
70. Only ____ houses in Britain don’t have a garden.
A. 10%        B. 20%      C. 50%          D. 70%
71. Chatsworth House and Castle Howard are examples to show that ______.
A. people feel it important to spend time in the garden
B. only rich people had a garden in old days
C. the big gardens have lasted for a long time
D. there are vegetables and plants in the gardens
72. The winner of the competitions for best gardens this year was from _____.
A. England     B. Wales     C. Northern Ireland     D. India
73. According to the diagram, more people prefer to grow _____ than potatoes.
A. roses     B. tomatoes      C. herbs       D. strawberries
74. The underlined words “better transport” refers to the following except ______.
A. by train     B. by sea      C. by car       D. by bike
真相大白:
這篇文章主要講述了英國的一種文化-園藝,園藝是目前英國大部分人比較喜歡的一個活動,基本上家家都會在花園里種植各種植物,但是園藝并不是從古至今每家每戶都有的,這篇文章告訴了我們英國園藝的過去歷史和現在發展狀況。
 
答案:
69.C 70.A 71.B 72.C 73.A 74.D
 
步步為贏
69.C 文章出現最多的一個詞就是garden,所以這道題應該選擇gardening-園藝
70.A 文章第三段開頭Only one in ten houses in Britain do not have a garden.這句話告訴我們10中有一家沒有花園。
71 B 第四段開頭Once it was only the very wealthy who had a garden. wealthy這個單詞告訴我們只有有錢的人才有花園。
72. C 第六段第二行,這道題屬于細節題目,直接定位到第二行,可以直接得出答案
73 A  圖表題目,明顯是roses最多
74.D  19世紀的交通,能夠溝通全國甚至全世界的應該是火車,輪船汽車
 
D. Answer the questions
                          My _______
“The atlas(地圖冊)I grew up with was a hand-me-down from my brother, dog-eared Collins World Atlas. This became my favourite book, and I was touched that he thought I was grown-up enough to appreciate it. After wars, my atlas was considered incorrect and out of date and I had to buy a new one for school. But I still missed the well-used pages and old-book smell. I carefully tore (撕)pages out of my old atlas, and glued them on cardboard. My father helped me to cut them into jigsaw puzzles as gifts for my friends. Google search is an easy way to find various places, but I still prefer to search for exotic places in a real-turning atlas. One day it may be priceless!”
Rosemary Francis
“When I was 13, I wanted a horse of my own. Finally my parents softened to the idea and bought me a beautiful part-Arabian horse. To settle on a name, my father suggested I open our atlas to the page on Saudi Arabia, close my eyes and place my finger randomly(隨機地)on the page. Bandar ShahRoyal Portwas a wonderful horse.”
Melanie Egan
“When I retired after 20 years with the same boss Reader’s Digest, I did not expect to be given a gold watch. I certainly did not expect to be given a Reader’s Digest Atlas of the World. But that is exactly what my co-workers decided I needed. For the next 15 years that atlas was used by my family to settle geographic arguments and plan trips abroad. Sadly, wear and tear forced its retirement, too.”
Winston Hindmarsh
88. Rosemary didn’t like the old alas from his brother, did she?
89. How did Rosemary make use of the old atlas?
90. What does“Bandar Shah”refer to in the atlas?
91. From whom did Winston get the atlas?
92. In what way was the Reader’s Digest Atlas of the World used by the family?
93. If the three articles are put in one section in a magazine, please complete the title.
答案:
88.Yes, she did.
89. By carefully tearing pages out of the old atlas and gluing them on cardboard 90. The beautiful part-Arabian horse’s name
91. His co-workers
92. To settle geographic arguments and planning trips abroad.
93. My atlas
步步為贏
分析解答
88文章第一段第二行,作者明確指出這成為他的最喜歡書。
89文章段第四行,作者小心他們撕下來然后用膠水粘紙板上。
90 ,文章第二段第二行,這里說了它是一匹漂亮的有一半阿拉伯血統的馬。
91.第三段第三行,在我退休的時候,我的同事給了我一本atlas.
92.第三段第四行,atlas被我們用來解決地理知識爭吵和決定旅游去處的一個重要參考。
93.文章主旨題,整篇文章圍繞的都是atlas這個話題,所以這里的題目My atlas最合適
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