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昂立教育 > 項目總攬 > 中考2018 > 閱讀 > 中考閱讀理解練習|楊浦區2018-2019學年度第一學期期末質量抽查

中考閱讀理解練習|楊浦區2018-2019學年度第一學期期末質量抽查

發布時間:2019-03-22 作者:昂立外語 來源于:昂立外語網站
IX. Reading Comprehension (閱讀理解)(50)
A. Choose the best answer (根據文章內容,選擇最恰當的答案)(12)
Did you know that a lot of the technology we use today appeared in books before scientists invented it?
E-book readers didn’t appear until 1999, but as long
ago as 1961, author Stanislaw Lem wrote about them
in his book, Return from the Stars.
               Cash machines were invented in the 1980s. But Ray
               Bradbury thought of them first, in his 1953 novel,
               Fahrenheit 451.
Scientists are working on all these ideas from books and films.
How far have they got?
                     Back to the Future Part II, Steven Spielberg (1989)
When Marty and his friend travel to the future, one of the  
most amazing machines they find is flying cars. The cars fly along ‘roads’ in the sky which have signs and streetlights.
 
AI, Steven Spielberg (2001) based on Super-Toys Last All Summer Long,
Brian Aldiss (1969)
When a young child dies, his mother is given an android which looks
and behaves exactly like a real boy. The robot loves her like a son.
 
               Iron Man Marvel Comics (1963) Marvel films (2008 onward)
A rich scientist and engineer is badly hurt. To save his own life, he
builds himself a robotic heart and a powerful metal suit which
makes him stronger and faster than any other man. He becomes a cyborg – part man, part machine.
 
Minority Report short story by Philip K. Dick (1956) and a film by Steven
Spielberg (2002)
Tom Cruise plays a detective who can stop crimes before they happen.
His team use information from psychics, who can see the future.
They know who will break the law and when it will happen, but
they don’t know where.
Another idea that appeared in Minority Report is personalized
advertising. All around the future city there are advertising
billboards which use cameras to recognize the people walking by. The billboards
speak to people by name and suggest things to buy.
 
 
69. What kind of stories are these films and books?
   A. Detective stories. B. Science fiction.
   C. Children’s stories. D. Myths and fables.
70. What do e-book readers and cash machines have in common?
   A. People have already invented both technologies in real life.
   B. They both appeared in the films directed by Steven Spielberg.
   C. They both gave authors ideas to write exciting stories.
   D. They both appeared at the beginning of the twentieth century.
71. According to the text, android is ________.
   A. a person who can predict the future B. a system designed for mobile devices
   C. a human with a robotic heart     D. a robot who can love and be loved
72. Which film is based on the comic books?
    A. Back to the Future Part II        B. AI
    C. Iron Man                    D. Minority Report
73. The idea of ________ comes from Back to the Future Part II.
   A. flying cars    B. cash machines     C. cyborgs     D. smart advertising
74. Which of the following might be the review of the film Minority Report?
   
A.
Packed with non-stop action from start to finish, it is the best film in the series and among the best Marvel-inspired films eve
  B.
I love its central theme of mother and child, and I love the way it takes a Pinocchio-like fairy tale and puts it into an adult content.
 
 
 
 
C.  
The reason I love this one is because the time travel is used so incredibly well here. The ideas they came up with are so interesting and so well communicated.
 D.
By turning Dick’s story into a thriller, Spielberg has been true to the story. He’s transformed something dark and scary into something softer and more comfortable.
 
 
真相大白
篇閱讀主要分兩部分,第一部分介紹了一些我們現如今使用的技術在還沒有被發明出來之前就已經在書本中出現過了,如E-book readers和cash machine;第二部分介紹了四部科幻電影以及他們的主要內容。題目的考察以細節題和推斷題為主。
答案:
69.B 70.A 71.D 72.C 73.A 74.D
步步為贏
分題解析
69.B 推斷題,根據小標題Return from the stars、Back to the future part II、Iron Man等,可以判斷出文章是有關未來科技的,故選B Science fiction“科幻”
70.A 細節+推斷題答案在第一個小標題后面的兩段內容。根據author Staninslaw Lem wrote about them in his books, 可以排除B選項;再根據E-book readers didn’t appear until 1999, 20世紀晚期出現,可以排除選項D; 最后綜合判斷可得:這兩項技術在現實生活中都發明出來了
71.D  答案在第三個小標題下的內容根據The robot loves her like a son可得android是一個機器人,故本題選D。
72.C  答案在第四個小標題。根據Iron Man Marvel Comics可以判斷出,Iron Man是基于漫畫書改編的。
73.A 答案在第二個小標題下面的內容。根據When Marty and his friend travel to the future, one of the most amazing machines they find is flying cars可得,本題答案選A. flying cars
74.D 推斷題,答案在文章最后一部分Minority Report講述的是一個偵探和他的團隊利用預見未來的科技來阻止未來發生的犯罪;另外,根據標題Minority Report short story by Phillip K. Dick可以看出選項D的影評中出現了關鍵詞Dick’s story;故本題答案為D
 
D. Answer the questions(根據短文內容回答下列問題)(12分)
Dear Mrs. Smith,
I regret to inform you that your order for bed clothes and curtains will not arrive on schedule. The reason for this is the factory that supplies our fabrics(面料) flooded during the typhoon over the weekend. All of the material it had in stock(存貨) was ruined, and its workers now have to clean up the factory. This includes repairing some of the looms it uses to make the fabrics.
As a result, it will take an additional two weeks for them to send us the fabrics. Since you custom-ordered these fabrics, the factory has agreed to deal with your order first. As soon as we receive it, my company will also give your order priority; after all, you are a valuable customer for us. We’ll try to get all the bed clothes and curtains done as soon as possible.
I’ll email you when we start sewing work, and again when the items are finished and we’ve done quality control on them. __92__, and I hope you will continue to use our services in the future.
Sincerely,
 Joes Sewing Company
 
88. What did Mrs. Smith order from Joes Sewing Company?   _____________________________________________________________________
89. Why couldn’t the factory supply fabrics on schedule?  _____________________________________________________________________
90. How long will it take for the factory to send the fabrics?
   _____________________________________________________________________
91. What does Joes Sewing company promise Mrs. Smith? _____________________________________________________________________
92. What best fits the blank? _____________________________________________________________________
93. Will Mrs. Smith be satisfied with the solution? Why or why not?   _____________________________________________________________________
 
真相大白
這篇文章是一封道歉信,信中Joes Sewing Company向Mrs. Smith表達了抱歉,因為工廠遭遇臺風,貨物被毀,無法按時完成訂購的貨物制作,并在信中提出了一些解決措施。
答案:
88. Bed clothes and curtains
89. Because the factory flooded during the typhoon over the weekend.
90. It will take an additional two weeks.
91. Order priority.
92. We are really sorry for this.
93. Yes, I think so. Because Joes Sewing gives Mrs. Smith order priority and promises that they will try to get all the bed clothes and curtains done as soon as possible.
 
步步為贏
分題解析
88.答案定位在第一段第一行your order for bed clothes and curtains will not arrive
89.答案定位在第一段的第二句話,the reason for this is the factory that supplies our fabrics flooded during the typhoon over the weekend
90.答案定位在第二段第一行,it will take an additional two weeks for them to send us the fabrics
91.答案定位在第二段的中間,As soon as we receive it, my company will also give your order priority.
92.答案言之有理即可,因為and后面表達的是希望你們今后還能跟我們有長遠 的合作,and前可以再表達一下對這次事件的抱歉之情
93.答案言之有理即可,從信中可以看出Joes Sewing Company的道歉和誠意。
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